‘There are three key findings,’ said Enoch. ‘One, Plains Indians have completely different drinking patterns.’ Two, she continued, ‘they have a very different comorbidity. They don’t really smoke greatly.’ In statistical conditions, although 62 % of the male alcoholics and 40 % of the female alcoholics were smokers, just 12 % of the alcoholic males and eight % of the alcoholic ladies smoked greatly. ‘And three,’ she observed, ‘at least one third are cultural smokers who never progress to ‘real’ smoking, they smoke in social configurations just. This can be a throwback to the original usage of tobacco amongst American Indians.’ Enoch said that study displays how there is absolutely no such point as an ‘alcoholism gene’ or ‘alcoholism allele.’ ‘Here you’ve got one gene, and in one inhabitants one allele of the gene is associated with an illness, alcoholism, yet in another inhabitants, the gene’s other allele is connected with that disease,’ she said... Acologix demonstrates improved bone architecture in rat style of chronic kidney disease Acologix, Inc. Will present data indicating that its therapeutic product applicant AC-200 improved bone architecture in a rat model of chronic kidney disease. AC-200, an endogenous individual protein produced by bone cells, was evaluated in a well recognized rodent style of chronic kidney disease where bone loss is rapid and substantial. The data will be presented by David Rosen, Ph.On November 8 D, 2008 at the 41st ASN Annual Meeting in Philadelphia, PA.